I’ve listed below just a few of the men who were known to have influenced Richards and his rhetorical theories.



G.E. Moore – A leading English philosopher of Richards’ day. Richards studied philosophy at Magdalen College under Moore and allowed Moore’s ideas to influence his work regarding literary criticism.

Charles Pierce – A leading semiotician of Richards’ day. Pierce believed meaning was dependent on a word’s effect rather than on it’s intention. He inspired Richards to take a closer look at connotation.

Bertrand Russell – Became an example for Richards of what not to do. Richards replaced Russell’s “logical atomism” with a contextual approach.